Gender inequality: The dark side of India(part-3)

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gender inequality about

Leepa Chakraborty, Agami Kalarab: Gender balance is another serious issue which creates a discrimination in our society. This discrimination has shaken the foundation of the society.

Gender inequality shows men and women are not equal but this distinction is not legally done.
This distinction arises from differences in biology, psychology and cultural norms, and is being repeated as a society-made practice from the old era in dynamic ways. Gender discrimination is knocking in every sphere of society.

Gender inequality at home

It has been going on since a very old era that the son only leads the dynasty. That’s why every family still wishes a son as a child. There are also many families who give birth to many children in want of a son.
Their thinking that sons are the light of the dynasty, daughters are alien, to a large extent gives rise to gender inequality.

gender inequality about education

Gender inequality in education remains a concern in India. UNESCO International Conference shows that equal numbers of boys and girls are still not enrolled in a third of countries in primary, half in lower secondary, and three out of four in upper secondary education.
According to sample registration system baseline survey Report of 2014–About 16% of girls between the ages of 15 and 17 leave school in the middle for some reason.
There are many reasons behind the girls leaving school, like almost one third of schools in India do not have toilet facility for girls.
According to census data in an analysis by IndiaSpend, about 1.2 crore Indian girls get married at the age of 10.
Apart from this, due to poverty, social and mental thinking, girls are able to leave school.

gender inequality in economic field

From an economic perspective, this gender inequality has a profound impact on the economy.
There is usually a difference between the wages of men and women in India. The largest wage gap was in manual ploughing operation in 2009 where a man was paid 103 per day, while a woman was paid ‘rs 55 only.
From the economic point of view in India, micro credit project is designed to remove gender inequality but the report found that financial incentives for the recruiters of these programs were not in the best interest of the women they purported to serve.
Women have equal rights under the law to own property and receive equal inheritance rights but they are practically disadvantaged. Because there are thousands of evidences which show that in fact 70% of rural land is owned by men .
Although the Hindu Succession Act of 2005 provides equal inheritance rights to ancestral and jointly owned property, the law is weakly enforced, especially in Northern India.

gender inequality in healthcare

Gender inequality in India has a profound impact on geographical, socioeconomic conditions and culture.
According to the World Economic Forum, this disparity is based on different elements but the main elements are maternal death, child marriage, illiteracy and to participate of women in labour force.
2011 United Nations Development Programme’s Human Development Report ranked India 132 out of 187 in terms of gender inequality.
Study indicates that in India, boys receive more health facilities compared to girls.
Gender inequality in India has taken such a terrible form that female fetuses are killed before they are born. Somewhere it happens that both the mother and the child are treated badly after the girl is born. Girls are fed less than boys, which affects their health adversely.

Health is an important factor that contributes to human wellbeing and economic growth. Currently, women in India face a multitude of health problems, which ultimately affect the aggregate economy’s output.

Gender inequality in politics

Women are being exploited in the field of politics also in India. Constitutionally, women have been given 1 third protection, but practically only 5 to 10% contribute to them.

why is gender inequality

Actually our mental conservatism, social pressure and religious superstition are the root cause.
The girl child is alien, so it cannot become the protector of the dynasty, due to girls dowry, a financial burden is placed on the family.
The safety of girls is a very big responsibility of the family.
Apart from this, a boy can give financial and physical support in old age to the family. All these mindsets lead to gender inequality.

wef global gender gap report 2018

WEF’s Global Gender Gap Report 2018: Iceland tops; India ranks 108th.
Though India made no improvement in the overall gender gap ranking, it recorded improvement in wage equality and managed to fully close its tertiary education gender gap for the first time. (TO BE CONTINUED ON MONDAY).

To watch the previous part please click on this link- https://agamikalarab.com/2019/10/28/the-dark-side-of-india-2/

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