Leepa Chakraborty, Agami Kalarab: Apart from child labour, malnutrition is another important issue of our India.
What is Malnutrition?
According to world Health Organization– Malnutrition refers to deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients.
The RSoC report says about this,”38.7 percent of children under five are considered stunted (low height for age).
29.4 percent are considered underweight (low weight for age).
15 percent are considered wasted (low weight for height).” Here low weight-for-height is known as wasting. Low height-for-age is known as stunting. Children with low weight-for-age are known as underweight.
Malnutrition in India
Despite rapid economic growth, malnutrition has become a major economic challenge in India.
UNICEF report says, Malnutrition behind 69 per cent deaths among children below 5 years in India. Nearly half of all deaths in children under 5 are attributable to undernutrition; undernutrition puts children at greater risk of dying from common infections, increases the frequency and severity of such infections.
A survey report says, every third child in India is malnourished today. The most malnutrition affected area in India are Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh.
According to National Family Health Survey-4, 48.3 percent of children in Bihar are malnourished. But it’s a matter of pride for us. In the last 10 years, the proportion of children with severe malnutrition has come down from 48 percent to 38.4 in 2015-16. Also, the lack of Anemia in infants decreased from 69.5 to 58.5 per cent.
Although this progress is very modest, yet it is a matter of satisfaction that our efforts are progressing towards success.
Malnutrition in children
Malnutrition affects children the most, as a result decreased viability, death, reduced efficiency and IQ level. They miss school and fall prey to social neglect and exploitation. Because of this, children are forced into child labor and child prostitution. And when grown up, they join a long line of unskilled laborers which becomes a huge burden on the national economy.
Due to malnutrition they fall victim to disease like low birth weight, Anemia, childhood growth disorders, vitamin A deficiency, iodine deficiency related diseases and obesity.
And the root cause of all this can be called poverty and illiteracy.
Malnutrition is a very big issue, the whole world is swearing together against it. (TO BE CONTINUED ON THURSDAY).
To watch the previous part please click on this link- https://agamikalarab.com/2019/10/24/the-dark-side-of-india/